Common Name: English Lavender
Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia
Form: horizontal oval, spreading, fine texture
Species: angustifolia = "narrow leaf"
Plant Type: sub-shrub evergreen
Mature Size: 12-24" (30cm to 60cm) tall and wide
Origin: Europe, Western Mediterranean
Hardiness Zone: 5 to 8
Foliage: grey-green, evergreen, small needle-shaped, linear, fragrant
Flowers: fragrant spikes 1–3" long on 4–12" stems, violet to blue petals, Jun- Aug
Fruit: brown nut, Sep- Oct
Soil: well-drained, arid, neutral to alkaline
Pruning: cut back after flowering into soft growth
Uses: to attract beneficial insects, pollinators, butterfly gardens, containers, dried flowers, herb, fragrant gardens, massing, borders, rockeries, ground cover, cut flower, hedge, small gardens, xeriscaping
Cultivars: 'Hidcote', 'Munstead' are hardy and are superbly scented
Comments: Contains essential oil and is used for potpourris, sachets, and soaps. It is also used as a culinary herb. The Munstead English lavender is the hardiest of all and still boasts a heady scent. Mudstead is nice and compact while Hidcote boasts the strongest scent. Spanish lavender (L. stoechas) bear large flower heads with odd petals (bracts) that stick out. It is not as hardy as English lavender, with a hardiness zones of 8 to 9.
Spanish/French Lavender, (L. stoechas): Native to the Mediterranean region, are not as hardy as the English lavender with a hardiness rating of Zone 8, but are more heat and drought tolerant than the angustifolia species. There flowers are also shorter and are topped with petals that resemble bunny ears, but they are neither, they are actually bracts. Cultivars include flowers in blue, white, purple or pink.